The UK’s Environment Agency is building an ammonia plant at an industrial estate in Surrey, and the project is raising alarm among environmentalists.
The project, called the Methane Centre, is designed to produce up to 50 million tonnes of ammonia per year.
The facility is expected to create 5,500 permanent jobs and could help solve Britain’s air pollution problem.
The Methane Centres facility will be the UK government’s first in the UK.
The site is situated on the site of an old industrial estate which the government has built into a new residential and commercial development, according to the Environment Agency.
The land is owned by a company called Methane Holdings Limited.
Methane has developed an ammonia production plant in South Wales, and it is located in a location with high concentrations of nitrogen dioxide and carbon dioxide in the air.
Methanics UK, a lobby group that represents the UK ammonia industry, has called the project “absolutely disgusting” and a “direct assault on the environment”.
Methane’s plans for the site include a plant that will produce up, for example, to 10 million tonnes a year, and a facility that will be used to process up to 1.2 million tonnes annually.
Methanol is a chemical compound that is used as a refrigerant in cooking, and was invented in the 1880s as a means of storing ammonia.
Methans, also known as nitrogen dioxide, are created when the nitrogen gas that is emitted from the combustion of fossil fuels such as coal, oil and gas is combined with ammonia to form methane.
Methanism is the process of converting natural gas to ammonia in the form of methane.
The methane is then used to produce ammonia in industrial processes.
The government has promised to spend £15m on the Methanol Centre, which will be funded by the European Union.
The centre will be based in Surrey.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) said the facility will generate up to 10m tonnes of nitrogen annually.
The agency said the site is located on the old industrial land which was previously a coal mine.
The company Methane, which is based in Southwales, is the largest ammonia producer in the world, according the EPA.
Methanes ammonia production facility.
The EPA said the Methanic Centre will produce 5,000 permanent jobs.
Methaanics UK said that “the Methane facility will create more than 5,300 permanent jobs for the local economy and create up to 4,500 new apprenticeships over a 30-year period”.
Methanol’s Methane plants are in use in China and the US.
The UK is also planning to install a facility at the site, which could produce up a further 1.8 million tonnes per year, according Reuters.
The Environment Agency said the UK is “an international leader in developing clean, affordable, sustainable, and efficient electricity generation technologies and will continue to lead the way”.